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School Crosswalk Laws

 

Who has the right-of-way at a crosswalk?

(a) The operator of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian crossing a roadway in a crosswalk if:

  • (1) no traffic control signal is in place or in operation; and
  • (2) the pedestrian is:
    • (A) on the half of the roadway in which the vehicle is traveling; or
    • (B) approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. 

(b) Notwithstanding Subsection (a), a pedestrian may not suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and proceed into a crosswalk in the path of a vehicle so close that it is impossible for the vehicle operator to yield.

(c) The operator of a vehicle approaching from the rear of a vehicle that is stopped at a crosswalk to permit a pedestrian to cross a roadway may not pass the stopped vehicle.

 

   Pedestrian Right-of-Way at Crosswalk

 

What are a pedestrian’s responsibilities for crossing outside a crosswalk?

(a) A pedestrian shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle on the highway if crossing a roadway at a place:

  • (1) other than in a marked crosswalk or in an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection; or
  • (2) where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided.
(b) Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, a pedestrian may cross only in a marked crosswalk.
(c) A pedestrian may cross a roadway intersection diagonally only if, and in the manner, authorized by a traffic control device.

 

   Crossing At Point Other Than Crosswalk

 

What does the law say about sidewalks?

(a) A pedestrian may not walk along and on a roadway if an adjacent sidewalk is provided and is accessible to the pedestrian.

(b) If a sidewalk is not provided, a pedestrian walking along and on a highway shall, if possible, walk on:

  • (1) the left side of the roadway; or
  • (2) the shoulder of the highway facing oncoming traffic.

(c) The operator of a vehicle emerging from or entering an alley, building, or private road or driveway shall yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian approaching on a sidewalk extending across the alley, building entrance or exit, road, or driveway.

 

   Use of Sidewalk

 

Do drivers have to watch for pedestrians?

Notwithstanding another provision of this chapter, the operator of a vehicle shall:

  • (1) exercise due care to avoid colliding with a pedestrian on a roadway;
  • (2) give warning by sounding the horn when necessary; and
  • (3) exercise proper precaution on observing a child or an obviously confused or incapacitated person on a roadway.

 

   Drivers To Exercise Due Care